Annotated Bibliography 6

White, Allison Carll. “What’s In A Name? Interior Design And/Or Interior Architecture: The Discussion Continues.” Journal Of Interior Design 35.1 (2009): x-xviii. Art & Architecture Complete. Web. 22 Feb. 2016.

Allison Carll White raises a unique issue that would commonly not be noticed by the average individual in her article titled, “What’s in a Name? Interior Design and/or Interior Architecture: The Discussion Continues.” This article gives insight on the issue interior designers have with their career being labeled and referred to as interior architecture. White argues that interior design requires education, experience, and examination, whereas interior architecture involves a building’s design and structural system.


Interior Architecture


Interior Design

Throughout the article White explains that an interiors distinctive environment is mainly created and fashioned by interior designers and not the architectural build of the structure itself. Interior design involves lighting, acoustics, system integration, color coordination, furnishing and textiles. The atmosphere and make of interior spaces are all efforts of the interior designer and the architecture is an added source of aesthetics. White incorporates interesting viewpoints to her article that shape how we will examine interior spaces from now on. In the end however, this source exhibits a biased point of view because the article is written by an interior designer herself.

Annotated Bibliography 5

Reddy, Swathi Matta, Debkumar Chakrabarti, and Sougata Karmakar. “Emotion And Interior Space Design: An Ergonomic Perspective.” Work 41.(2012): 1072-1078. Environment Complete. Web. 22 Feb. 2016.

Within the article of Emotion and interior space design: an ergonomic perspective by Swathi Matta Reddy, aspects of physical emotion and inner feelings are discussed with regard to the interior environment of spaces. Reddy points out that human interaction between each other and physical emotion can be swayed into positive or negative lights depending on the interior design of a space. This article brings light to the necessity of creating an optimal interior space because of the emotional effect design has on individuals.

AN 5

The article draws information from research done on cognitive neuro-science and the psychological emotions evoked from the attributes of interior spaces. Texture, lighting, fabric, sound and temperature all play vital roles in human emotion and interaction in a space. This source captures virtually every aspect and detail of the design and environment of an interior space because of the extended research conducted and it also assists in connecting ideas of the interior spaces described in the article into our own research as we evaluate and critique the psychological emotions our individual interior spaces bring to us.

Annotated Bibliography 4

ODABAŞIOĞLU, SEDEN1,, and NİLGÜN2 OLGUNTÜRK. “Effects Of Coloured Lighting On The Perception Of Interior Spaces.” Perceptual & Motor Skills 120.1 (2015): 183-201. Education Source. Web. 22 Feb. 2016.

In this article we learn about a study conducted by the Department of Interior Architecture and Environmental Design that tested the effects that different colored lighting had on the built environment of interior spaces. The study conducted involved lighting differed in color such as red, green, and white. There were ninety seven participants and their perceptions of these interior spaces were assessed. As researchers evaluated the results of this study, evidence was shown that spaces under red lighting were perceived as least comfortable and spacious. White lighting made individuals feel that the space was much brighter, clearer, and useful as opposed to under green and red lighting.


Same interior space with different colored lighting

This specific source helps us understand specific aspects of the built environment of interior spaces and this study is useful for interior architects, designers, and those who use light to create different atmospheres in a space. This source also allows individuals to learn off of the information and data provided while assuring its audience that it was written in an unbiased manner due to the fact that all of the information was taken from a regulated study conducted. This source will help provide insight into our own interior environments.

Annotated Bibliography Question

Are annotated bibliographies due on the 22nd? or 24th? The weekly overview on the website says that they are due on the 24th. Everything else says they are due on the 22nd. Can anyone respond and answer the question for points?

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Reading Summary 4 – Making Bathrooms More ‘Accommodating

Summary of Making Bathrooms More ‘Accommodating

The article called Making Bathrooms More ‘Accommodating written by Emily Bazelon discusses the topic and ideology of the word accommodation and to what extent the meaning of this word goes. Accommodating the needs of others such as a roommate, spouse, or friend can be easily understood and comprehended by most people. Throughout this article however, Bazelon addresses the concerns of accommodating transgender individuals which people do not normally consider. While most individuals give no concern or thought to the politics or current issues regarding the accessibility of public restrooms, transgender people are making this topic public and aware to society, and asking individuals to rethink the struggle of public places such as the bathroom from their perspective. We normally socially identify people and categorize humans by which room they tend to walk towards, the men’s or women’s. However for transgender entities, they struggle on deciding which room is socially acceptable for them to enter into.


As the article states, many people resist the idea of mixing male and female bodies together in the same public private areas such as bathrooms and locker rooms. They fear that creating unisex bathrooms is an invasion of privacy and being uncomfortable in a private location. Bazelon offers insight into this serious issue by discussing how voters in Houston have rejected campaigns for equal rights for transgender individuals and how people are creating opposing campaigns that promote “No Men in Women’s Bathrooms.”

This issue is more relevant for children and students who attend schools that do not recognize or consider this issue to be problematic. Most schools throughout the country however have been particularly open and accommodating for students who identify with these issues. Most school districts have agreed to let students be called by their preferred names and pronouns, as well join which ever sports team there chosen gender specifies to.

The common dispute however for most organizations and schools is which room individuals like this should be allowed to change, shower, and use the bathroom in. The word accommodation has been tricky in this area because though accommodations have been made for handicapped individuals, transgender people feel that they too should be accommodated for their own specific individual needs. Although social norms are being tested, activists believe that accommodating transgender entities is only fair.

Continuing throughout this article, we read that originally public bathrooms were designed and dominated by men because women at the time were not able to hold jobs in factories and working offices. As times have changed, separate public restrooms were built for women only. Feminists now argue that it is unnecessary and a waste of space to hold two separate rooms for the same purpose. Other women argue that the restroom is not only for its intended purpose, but also is a much needed secluded area in which girlfriends can chat and have a space of their own without having to be with the opposite sex.

Accommodation is one aspect of this issue, but transgender children not fitting in and feeling a sense of belonging with the same sex is also a factor. As a twelve year old transgender girl in Connecticut said, she just wanted to be with the other girls at all times and be able to fit it. As transgender accommodations are still underway, the Transgender Law Center is helping these individuals with this problem by offering a variety of strategies in which they can use to help assist with these problems for now.

Reading Summary 3 – His and Hers: Designing for a Post-Gender Society

Summary of His and Hers: Designing for a Post-Gender Society

Suzanne Tick, activist toward a post-gender society has several opinionated and objective views toward her beliefs and theories on the world today and how gender is a contributing factor in all area of human life especially in the modern workplace today. Suzanne Tick, writer of the article His and Hers: Designing for a Post-Gender Society argues how the workplace of corporate America is rooted and shaped by a predominantly male perspective. Ticks main purpose in her article discusses how traditional masculine and feminine roles are being challenged these days and how designers of different spaces should focus more on deigning spaces to feel more accepting and inviting with a feminine touch, especially because of how individuals now identify with a different gender than what they were born with.

As the article continuously states, the job career and world of technology and web design is a highly male dominated field, with eight five percent of tech workers at the top companies being male. With businesses such as these that are mainly worked and operated by men, the design of these prime spaces are usually geared towards making a comfortable and relaxing environment for men, but not women.

As we read throughout the article, we learn of new movements and events that are pushing the ideas of modernism and feminism into a more popular light. One in particular was the speech given by actress Emma Watson that went viral over the internet about her affiliations and promotions of the He for She movement. The He for She movement helps in promoting men to join the cause for gender equality and the current acceptance for same sex marriage.

Tick mainly states that with people associating with opposite genders in the modern world today, designers should take the effort in accommodating these individuals by more soft interiors and influences of hospitality and gender sensitivity. The main concepts learned from this article deal with the acceptance from different areas of society relating to this issue. “Alexander Wang’s women’s coat from Fall 2015 has masculine tailoring with a military look, while Annemiek van der Beek’s Primal Skin makeup line has been designed to be appealing to the male buyer”(Tick). This is a great example Suzanne Tick incorporated into her article to show readers that we are living in a new era of different industries accepting and modeling new products and ideas toward people that self-identify with the opposite sex such as the fashion and make up industry.

unisex bathroom

As some might be skeptical upon their first sight of this image, Suzanne Tick sides with having more unisex bathrooms in the workplace to let others know that their office and workplace is taking a progressive step forward in accommodating employees that are transgender. Since large well-known companies such as Google are slowly adopting gender-neutral and unisex bathrooms, other corporations have taken note of this change that is helping their employees feel safe and included in the workplace.

Tick concludes this article by restating that masculine and feminine roles are being switched and that they have drastically changed within the past few years because of the world’s progression toward a post gender world. We read and realize that there needs to be a change in the overall design of spaces in order to be respectful and open to creating environments in which people can express their own individuality regardless of gender.

Midterm Reflection

Sophia John

Dr. Wharton

English 1102

February 15, 2015


So far throughout the course of this class, my writing style and composition has evolved an changed drastically. In the past I have been taught to understand a subject matter and write papers based solely upon the information I was given. In this class I have learned to write based on my own first hand experience and primary sources in which I have gathered myself. I now view writing as an outlet of expressing my own opinions and style in my writing rather than reiterating information that has simply been handed to me. I admire how this class gives students the opportunity to go and physically see and observe the spaces in which we are to write about because it gives each person an opportunity to experience the same site in a different and personal light. The reading summaries and annotated bibliographies have also improved my summation skills and has allowed me to really practice and master the art of condensing writing into short, highly useful and informational pieces.

While composing my reading summaries and annotated bibliographies, I try to gear my writing toward anyone that is interested in the subject and those who need a short paragraph of useful, highly knowledgeable information. I have learned to incorporate key ideas and important facts from a whole article into bullet points and then later go back and write a brief description to each of these bullet points. When I have finished this step, I finally go back and piece together and add all parts of my writing together to form a useful summary or annotated bibliography for others to read and understand.

Upon receiving feedback of my reading summaries, I now know that I have a few grammatical errors and citation errors throughout my writing. I now know what I need to work on and practice in order to perfect my writing and perform to the best of my abilities in this class. I have also received feedback and notes about working on more of the extra credit activities in order to earn more points in this class. So far throughout this class I have learned that the key to success in this class is start on assignments early and to accomplish as many extra credit activities as possible. I will now try and improve my style and composition of writing with the helpful feedback given in the grade report and try to participate in as many extra credit opportunities as possible.


Exterior Built Environment Description – Edgewood Community Learning Garden


I had the great privilege of visiting and observing the Edgewood Community Learning Garden which is located in the middle of the quiet residential area of Edgewood about ten minutes away from Downtown, Atlanta. If you need to get away from the hustle and bustle of the city but don’t have the time to travel out far, this is the perfect spot of nature and serenity for you! The ECLG is newly renovated and primarily built as a learning environment for children who attend school nearby and kids living in the area.

This garden offers a variety of different artifacts spread out sparsely throughout the garden to insure you get the most out of your experience here. The ECLG is open to the public and anyone can come visit and observe this beautiful garden. The atmosphere the garden brings is very free and inviting, and is a great peaceful space to relax and destress. The garden offers many different types of greenery and vegetation such as a pollinator garden, a rain garden, fruit trees, berry bushes, and nine veggie beds.

The garden is not modern at all but instead has an old-fashioned farm land feel to it because of its wood built architecture and chicken coop located in the back of the garden. The minimal color associated with the garden other than the greenery of the vegetation helps in bringing individuals to a simplistic mindset and focusing more on the literal nature and calmness of the environment. The garden also offers a variety of entities such as a treehouse and jungle gym with a connected slide and tire swing, a sandbox, and also a small pond. The best part of the ECLG is the beautifully built gazebo located in the center of the garden as a place to sit and enjoy all that the environment has to offer. The gazebo is specially detailed on the ground with dedication bricks engraved to honor those who have supported, funded, and contributed to the making of the ECLG.

This quaint spacious garden located right outside the heart of Atlanta is open to all visitors and even has an open volunteer page for gardening hours and associated community projects on its website. This beautiful garden is a great environment that has brought the neighborhood and community together as a place to relax and have fun.


Exterior Digital Record 8 – Pond


This is a picture of the gardens small pond which is located next to the sandbox and jungle gym. This pond is manmade but it is built to exemplify a real natural pond. The pond was quite murky and only had leaves floating around in it, however it adds a peaceful and relaxing touch to the atmosphere of the garden with the still noises of the water. There is also a small bridge at the head of the pond that is made of stone which people can walk across if they please.

Exterior Digital Record 7 – Treehouse/ Jungle Gym


There is a mini jungle gym located in the back edge of the garden and next to the chicken coop. This jungle gym has an old school feel to it because of how it is built of all wood. There is also a tire swing and a small slide connected to it. The jungle gym is primarily for the kids that come to this garden to play on while learning about the natural resources the garden has to offer.