Annotated Bibliography 11


  • Soliman, Tamer M., Kathryn A. Johnson, and Hyunjin Song. “It’S Not ‘All In Your Head’: Understanding Religion From An Embodied Cognition Perspective.” Perspectives On Psychological Science6 (2015): 852-864. PsycINFO. Web. 27 Apr. 2016.

How can a person’s cognitive system integrate representations of supernatural beings into their brain when it cannot be physically observed? Researchers, Scientist, Authors, and Advocates all over the world can elaborate all day on the bias of religion ( why its persists, what function does it carries out, how does it operates) but they never answer the real question “How does religion solve ordinary social problems common to all individuals?” Cognitive Science of Religion research group made it possible to analyze religion from a more cognitive point of view enabling you to acknowledge modules that are typically involved in generating mundane ordinary knowledge about the world and its customs. The Researchers of the Cognitive Science group proposed a naturalistic explanation that “Humans share a tendency to believe in the existence of spiritual agents or an immaterial parallel reality.” CSR studied that the mind was composed of several components of computational modules, each evolved to solve one of the problems recurring in people’s ancestry environment. “These specialized problem solvers are preset to detect a narrow range of the available environmental input, to process the information according to a preset algorithm, and to rapidly work out a fitness-enhancing solution.” In this passage the author mentions the term agents or agency to describe the anonymous or unknown source that connects you to your supernatural beliefs however agents or agencies in the spiritual world are often times invisible, immaterial, omniscient, or outside the range of human sensation and perception. In this article researchers of the Cognitive Science of Religion group acknowledges, analyze and inform the audience of different perspectives on the evolution of religion, its theories, why it exist, and the pros or cons for. For decades and even today, social scientist have been having difficulty presenting the authenticity of religion and it pathological fallacies. Former scientist by the name of William James argued that “religious beliefs are shaped following strong emotional arousal states that are construed by the individual as transcendental.” William and other sociologist favored that religion allows for individuals cope by sharing similar morals and values that will be passed down from one generation to another. The ability to integrate such customs and beliefs leads individuals to hypothesize the existence of a God, Spirt, or High being. This feeling of omnipotence deprive people of their “existential anxieties” and grants them with a divine psychological success of finding true meaning within oneself.

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