Summary 4: Space and Consequences: The Impact of Different Formal Learning Spaces on Instructor and Student Behavior

Enhanced Active Learning Classroom

Enhanced Active Learning Classroom

Traditional Classroom

Traditional Classroom

This article presents the results of a quasi experimental research projects investigating the impact of two different formal learning spaces. A traditional classroom and a technological enhanced learning classroom. Which will demonstrate clear differences in events taking place in each space. That the different classroom types on the instructor and students. EDUCAUSE the leading organization responsible for promoting the application of new technologies in educational settings, has cause technological enhanced learning spaces to grow.

Though very few empirical studies have shown their impact on educational outcome. Even thought the data gathered is sparse it has begun to gather the attention of respected researchers globally. Using the information gathered from previous quasi experimental research conducted at the University of Minnesota. That found flexible, technologically enhanced classroom spaces improved student learning (which is measured by course grades) more than taking the same course in a traditional classroom setting. The research goes beyond the established evidence that learning spaces matter and instead explains how learning spaces matter.

The experiment used observational data collected for two sections of a single course taught by the same instructor. One section meet in a traditional classroom and the other meeting in a enhanced classroom. Data collected demonstrated that the student and instructor enrolled in the course behaved differently depending on the type of classroom. The temporal nature of the data was used to create a model that showed the casual impact of formal space on level of on task student behavior as a function of the instructor behavior and classroom activities.

The article then begins to describe what has caused institutions of higher education to changes how they approached classroom space. The cause is a host of articles promoting the potential transformative power of formal learning spaces, that teach practices and learning outcomes. Which is affected by the perspective of the interested party. Designers and technologists tend to focus on the architectural characteristics of different spaces. Focusing on the technological innovations that may enhance the teaching and learning experiences that occur.

Those more engaged in the scholarship of teaching and learning highlight the importance pedagogical ( the function or work of a teacher) approaches and issues related to teaching in new learning environment. That highlights lessons learned, best practices, and other practical considerations. Theoreticians offer normative and philosophical treatments of the significance of learning spaces to the process of teaching and learning.  Also what these new spaces portend for the future.

The schematic design for a traditional classroom and a active learning classroom. In a traditional classroom the seats are all position in way that their all facing forward and the teacher is in the front. In the Active Learning classroom all the seating are positioned to face each other, and the teacher is seated in the middle. One of the theoretical assumption is that “space exerts situational-related influences on human activities and experience as they are enacted and felt in environmental settings.


D., Christopher.”Space and consequences: The impact of different formal learning spaces on instructor and student behavior”. Journal of Learning Spaces 1:2 June 2012. web. February 16 2016.


Reading Summary 3: Recognizing campus Landscapes as Learning Space

The article starts of describing how American higher education are facing changes and challenges in providing good learning spaces for diverse and evolving needs of college children. Like continued enrollment growth, technological challenges, and financial challenges. In 2009, 20.4 million children were enrolled in 2 or 4 year colleges/universities. Enrollments are also expected to rise 2019, 9% for students under 25 and 23% for students over 25.  The article talks about confronting the traditional notions of how university spaces are designed and used for effectiveness.

How Americans expect their universities to look different then other places because it expresses the academic life. Todays universities most encompass more than technological, classroom additions, and its academic buildings. The entire campus including the open spaces most be perceived as a holistic learning space that provides a holistic learning experience. Learning takes place throughout campus not just indoors in designated instructional spaces. Only one-fifth of the students time is spent in the classroom, contributing to one quarter of the learning variance. Open spaces on campus can play an important part in students learning and a strong influence on students initial and long standing experiences. Which promotes a sense of belong to the learning community. However the influences of open spaces are usually overlooked.

The college experience is a stimulating and demanding time in a students life which requires frequent and heavy use of direct focused attention and concentration. Which puts university students at a higher risk of attentional fatigue. Increase in technological use also increase the odds of students attentional fatigue. Campus natural open spaces have sadly not been systematically examined for replenishing cognitive functioning for attentional fatigued students. One way to  examine this is to consider the entire campus with its building and natural open spaces as a well-networked landscape system that supports students learning experiences. Highlighting the two concepts: 1. direct and indirect attention and restoration, 2. a holistic landscape.

American colleges and universities were self-sufficient and usually in rural areas with dormitories, dinning halls and recreational areas. Many university founders desired to create a ideal community that was a place apart, secluded from city desecrations but still open to the larger community. The advent of land-grant intuitions through the Morrill Act of 1862 required new buildings to be built with laboratories and observatory space in agriculture. Unlike the classical designs of America’s first institutions, the physical campus of the land- grant was designed to significant contribute to student learning. Fredrik Law Olmstead worked with the philosophy that physical landscape features had a direct impact on shaping human behavior, and offers students experimental education passive or theoretical learning.


Scholl, Kathleen & Gowri Betrabet Gulwadi. “Recognizing Campus Landscapes as learning Spaces”. Journal of Learning Spaces [online] 4.1(2015): n pag. web. 16 Feb. 2016

Achohen.”A Beautiful Space, a Usable Space: The Balance of Library Design “. The Library Incubator. Web. 13 April 2015. 16 February 2016.




Midterm Reflection By: Shayla Nash

This class has shown me that my composition process has involved since high school.  In High School as long as I could argue or describe my topic I would pass English with high grades. Now I use the writing workshop to look over my essays and i’m starting to get a better grip on grammar. I also use more scholarly journals as my source of information instead of random websites, because they are a more trusted sources of information then websites. For my class assignments i’ve done reading summaries and annotated bibliography and i’ve used primary and secondary research and  now I can use what i’ve learned and improve on what I didn’t understand for the next reading and annotated bibliography assignments.

The way i do my English assignment are also different from high school and English 1101, i got to create a blog and customize it to my liking and post my assignments on their.  Which is a lot easier for me since I don’t have the best hand writing, it also saves me a lot of paper. I also post a lot of pictures with my assignments, since more of my class assignments require some sort of visual representation. The only audience for my assignment is my professor and classmates, who can make comments on my work. Which is one of the ways you can earn extra credits, which i have sadly have not been able to yet, but i plan to because i want to earn as many points as I can.

Digital:Atlanta ZOO Website

The official websites of the Atlanta ZOO, The main colors used on the website is yellow, green, and red. The main category offers: Visitor info, Animals & Plants, Discover & Learn, and others. With more categorizes vertical to the first with options like buy you ticket . There’s also pictures to accompany the title of each topic. Like the Great ape Heat Project, which has a picture of a read 4 leaf clover with an image of an ape in each leaf. Videos like the “Gorilla cardiac Ultrasound”, for those who like gathering information through sight and sound. The website also offers fun facts, for example, I have the largest heart of any land mammal, what am I? Answer Giraffe. The website uses appealing colors, and an image of a panda, snake, and owl, to appeal to the consumers it’s trying to reach.  I also used the color walking technique that I read about in a article written by Phia bennan and Brendan McMullan on the Atlanta Zoo site. I stated with the grass green color of the outline of the atlanta zoo sign to Fun Facts to new arrivals to the Experiences tab to plant and animals tab to the plants and horticulture link.


Zoo Atlanta Home Page

News and Events
  Fun Facts

I turn 1 in April! I wouldn’t be where I am today without my supermom. Who am I?

New Arrivals

Wondering what’s new at Zoo Atlanta? Sometimes that’s a question of who’s new! Meet some of our recent Zoo babies and new arrivals.
Eastern Bongo 


Plants and Horticulture



Interior Site:Welcome to the Zoo

The moment you see this sight in Atlanta you know where your at, the Atlanta zoo. A place visited by people of all ages, from the young to the elderly. You see families, friends, schools, sweethearts, and loners enjoying everything the zoo has to offer.The first animal you see when you step into the zoo are flamingos. About 10 or more feet away is a concession stand ( one of many) selling buttery popcorn and tasty cotton candy.

The place is pretty easy to navigate with winding pavement paths and if you get find the nearest map ,which is very easy to understand. The zoo also has these really tale trees closed together all around the and of the winding paths providing plenty of shaded areas while also not blocking a clear view of the sky.  The zoo has a lot of open space which makes since they want flexible space that that accommodate fictional needs of different activities. Also the gorillas enclosure space is designed in a way that you really don’t hear any noise from the gorilla since their either to far way or behind some thick glass. Which is the case with most of the animals, that’s not to say the zoo is quiet, oh no the air is filled with the chirping of birds. If you go to the petting zoo area it’s filled with the bah of sheep’s. Helpful tip they do not like to be pet near their face. Near the Zebra and Elephant enclosure is the Lion enclosure, where you can see the three bachelors hanging out together, who are brothers by the way.

Take a look inside Atlanta’s Zoo

Look at this when you need to know where your at and how to get where you   want.              

This Gorilla is relaxing

Kings of the Jungle



Close view of an elephant

Find out the Gorilla’s names

Picture of zoo map


Annotated Bibliography 3: Fox Theater

images 1

Mckaughan John. “Fox Theater”. New Georgia Encyclopedia. 21 August 2013.Web. 05 February 2016.

 This article is by John Mckaughan who describes the “fabulous Fox theater” from its appearance on the outside to its beauty on the inside, and it’s history. The fox theater is located at Ponce de Leon Avenue in Atlanta, GA with arched doorways, minarets, and domes make gives it the illusion of a cluster of buildings. Also a 140 foot entrance that resembles a magic Arabian carpet. Inside is a 65,000 square-foot that is design to resemble a weathered desert tent. The Fox theater has a fake sky that resembles the night sky, with illuminated stars, and projected on clouds.

The Fox theater dominated the performance arts since the great depression. It also had a lot famous perform there like the Atlanta Opera, Mick Jagger, Gypsy Rose Lee and many others. Also it’s home to the Atlanta Ballet, which is the oldest professional company in the United States. The article main point is to describe a historical site that is known for the amazing performances that have and it’s beautiful design. The Arthur of this article does not appear to be bias after all the audience view of the Fox Theater does not benefit him, it just appears to be a informative story.

Annotated Bibliography 2: Coca-Cola Annex



National Park Service. ” Coca-Cola Building Annex”. A National register of Historic places Travel Itinerary. website. Feb 5 2016.

The article is about the historical building on 187 Edgewood Avenue the Coca cola Annex.  A privately owned business not open to the public. Built in 1903 and was home to the New Coca Cola Chewing Gum company. During that time Coca cola tried to sell a diverse line of products. Like gum, cigars , and candy. However the gum was not successful like their soft drink products so it was dropped.

The building is the Annex to the Dixie Coca-Cola Bottling plant company, Atlanta’s Coca cola bottling headquarter. Nowadays the annex is used for housing homeless HIV positive and Aids patients that are receiving outpatient treatment at Grady hospital.

This article helps readers better understand a historical site in Atlanta which is important even today and is useful to society especially to the homeless population.  The reason I choose this site was because it was one of the more detail sites I could find that talked about the Coca-Cola Annex. There is a chance that the source for this article might not be credible.

Annotated Bibliography 1: Grady Hospital


 Arthur Kellermann. “Saving Grady: Reflection on Kate Neuhausen’s Narrative Matters Essay”. website. copyright 1995-2016. Feb 5 2016.

      The article by Kellermann talks about how many of our nations public hospitals such as DC General and New Orleans Charity Hospital have closed. When the Grady Hospital appeared on the New York times people begin to assume is was about to close, and it almost did. The hospital was saved at the last minute by Dr. Kate Neuhausen’s and leaders of student organizations. If the hospital had closed it would have been felt by citizens all over Georgia.

Citizens would have lost over 900 inpatient beds and Grady’s specialized traumatized and burn services. The main point of this articles is that Grady hospital is important to the citizens of Georgia because thousands of people depend on it . Which is also who this article is written for the citizens of Georgia who would be affected by the closing of Grady Hospital. Grady is located near the Coca-Cola annex where many of the homeless population with aids have taken resident so you see a lot of homeless people at Grady.  The Arthur of the article clearly supports Kate’s action and so the audience hear a lot about why it shouldn’t close but not about why it was closing.