Class notes( 4/11/16)

What makes a good title:

  • proves audience curiosity draws the audience in
  • gives readers an idea of your thesis , or at least a specific idea of the topic your thesis comments
  • Is descriptive but concise

Does living in the city set children up for failure?

  • To argumentative
  • “Atlanta” instead of “This City”
  • The pros and cons of growing Up In Atlanta- less focused on the negative
  • Maybe inside the perimeter of Atlanta

What makes a good Introduction

  • Has a hook
  • Begin with a anecdote or really striking example
  • A quote

Zoo History

The Atlanta zoo was created in Atlanta’s Grant park 1886. Received it’s first donation exotic animals from a man named George V. Gress. Leading other citizens to donate and add to the collection to make the Atlanta zoo as one of the top ten in the world. Yet the city council was unsure if worth the expense and if not for Gress and others it would have closed. Could you imagine Atlanta without such an iconic place, I can’t. Atlanta newspaper often sponsored fund-raising drives to raise money to add to the animal collection. If that doesn’t show how important the Atlanta zoo is the city, then I don’t know what does. Now the Atlanta zoo has an annual 500,000 attendance.


Francis Desiderio. New Georgia Encyclopedia.” Atlanta Zoo”.  2006 October 10. Web. 2016 February 11.

cabin-rentals-of-Georgia. “Zoo Atlanta”. Web. 2016 February 11.

Shayla Nash: Exclusion From The Atlanta Zoo For The Poor and Homeless


The Atlanta zoo located in Atlanta Georgia excludes poor and homeless people from the entering because they cannot afford the admission fee. In Schindilar’s article Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination And Segregation Through Physical Design Of The Built Environment he talks about the way our Architectural environment is designed unconsciously effects the way people act and people are mostly unaware. The way the Atlanta Zoo is designed also determines the type of it attracts which is usually 2 or more people and mostly families and school groups. Its interior design also effect visitors behavior, the animals they see first and consumption of food as well as the type of food visitors will eat. For example, the fact that you find food stands of some kind at every open space, the odds are sooner or latter your going to stop to get something to eat at least once. Architectural Exclusion is designed to keep a certain type of people or social group from entering a particular area, it effects how people interact with one another and their environments. Weather the Atlanta zoo is intentionally trying to discriminate is hard to discern however, it can be argued that it excludes a certain group of people and that is does effects people’s behavior .

The admission price for the Atlanta Zoo is 22.99$ for people 12+ and 16.99$ for children 3-11 and seniors 18.99 if you buy the tickets online, and if you buy the tickets at the gate then it 25.99$ for people 12+ and 17.99$ for children 3-11 and seniors $21.99. This excludes most poor people and all homeless people from entering the zoo. The average poor family makes round 14,000 a year and that’s usually with government aid and befits, which results in the poor spending more money than they make. So lets say the average family decided to go to the Zoo the average family being 2 adults and 2 kids and they go to the zoo 2 times a year, they would spend somewhere from $100-140. So the average poor person is not going to spend their money on such a expensive place, which means you need to be financially well off to visit the zoo especially regular visit. While it might not be intentional this is a form of exclusion.

For example, in Sarah Shindler’s article Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation Through Physical Design of the Built Environment she talks about how the built environment is “characterized by  man-made physical features that make it difficult for certain individuals-often poor people and people of color to access certain places.” The two main reasons that people fail to recognize this is that challengers, courts, and lawmakers don’t really view architecture as a form of regulation and even if the lawmakers/people who are excluded recognize architecture regulatory power the existing legal system is insufficient to address its harm. Like how the low hanging archway in New work prevented buses from entering and going to Jones Breach. Since poor people and people of color used the bus as their main transportation they lacked access to the beach. Another example is the halt on the expansion on Marta Station by white people who do not want Marta to expand into the suburb.  Showing how architecture can be used to affect people’s interaction to their environment.

The interior design of the zoo also effects visitors behaviors, the first thing people see when they see the zoo are these pink flamingos, so if you want to see the bigger animals like elephants or a fiercer type of animal like lions you have to go deeper into the zoo. Which brings up my next observation at every open space at the zoo there’s some kind of food stand or soda not including any of the restaurants which means people will stop at least once to buy a snack or get a drink. Winding paths and wooden signs designed to make it easier for people to get from one animal exhibit to another. The Zoo is designed to draw people further into the zoo, so the can spend more money.

All of the examples are clear sign that architectural design effects people’s behavior, which means architectural discrimination is also possible. However, trying to prove that the Atlanta Zoo is trying to exclude people would be very hard if  not impossible because you must prove intent. Proving the intent to discrimination is one the hardest things for those who enforce anti-discrimination laws. However, the Atlanta Zoo is clearly discriminating by allowing people in the army into the Zoo free, while everyone one else has to pay. I don’t believe there’s any malice attention in this action at all, but how is it fair a person in the army gets in free but people who can’t afford to spend that kind of money on admission fee have to pay if they want to get in.

Architectural Exclusion also effects the way people view others, whether they are consciously aware of this or not. For the people who can afford to get in they would feel more privilege, that they’re better than poor and homeless people who can’t get in. Now when must people see a homeless or poor person struggle they pity that person, but to pity someone you have to feel your better off than that person. This kind of think always works vice versa meaning that a poor and homeless person would most likely feel left out by the Atlanta Zoo or look down on well to off people.

A possible to solution this problem is it decrease the admission fee at the Atlanta zoo. To make it free for kids 8 and under, 7$ for kids 9-12 and 13$ for people 14 and older. Another possible solution is to have one day every other week where people can get in free for a limited time. This might seem like a like a lot to ask but if the Atlanta zoo can give discounts to toddlers, soldiers and senior citizens, even people who order their tickets online Surely they could work outa  solution for poor and homeless people if they wanted to.

The our environment is deigned effects the way we interact with our environment and other people which people are mostly unaware of. The interior design effect the behavior of people visiting the zoo, like placing food carts in every open space area to persuade  people to but something to eat. The Atlanta zoo also, excludes poor and homeless people from entering because of the high price it charges people. This is includes  a certain type op people from entering the buildings this is architectural exclusion. Now wither it’s intentional or not is hard to tell, and very hard to pprove the intent to discriminate.


Sarah Schindler. “ Arechetictural Exclusion: Descrimination and Segregation Throught physical design of the built environment. 124:6. Web. 1/17/2016

Bathroom Accommodation in Atlanta By: Shayla Nash

I. Public Bathroom Accommodation: Transgender people fight for their bathroom rights

II. Transgender a term used to describe people who’s gender identity differ from their sex. Transgender people have had to struggle very hard for their basic rights to be accepted by society and are still fighting. Now Transgender people are fighting for their rights to use the bathroom of the sex they identify as. However the main point is that transgender students at Georgia state university should not feel excluded in a learning environment.

III. A trangender person is effected by by this behavior. Example Architectural exclusion: Discrimination and segregation through Physical Design Of The Built Environment  by Shcindlar. Schindler talks about the way our environments affects our behavior, how we interact with other around us.

IV. When using public facilities there is always a risk factor. Some people fear that people will take advantage of transgender people using the bathroom mostly men. However people can be at risk of people of the same gender wither its sexual abuse or an aim to humiliate another. Who’s to say the girl next to you isn’t peeping at you this applies to guys as well. The only way to decrease this risk is to not use public bathrooms. If someone tries to use this situation to assault or take advantage of another person, then this person obviously doesn’t respect the laws that protect citizens and will seek situation to cause harm to another anyway. They will be punished by our laws but we can’t punish transgender citizens as well not for other people’s actions.

Annotated Bibliography 10: Improving public perception of Bats

Hoffmaster, Eric, Jennifer Vonk, and Rob Mies. “Education To Action: Improving Public Perception Of Bats.” Animals (2076-2615) 6.1 (2016): 1-9. Academic Search Complete. Web. 25 Mar. 2016.

Bats are generally seen as disease carriers which has given the public a negative image of them. Their connection to vampire lore has also made some people fearful of them.  The article is trying to change the peoples perception of bats buy stating how they are a vital and valuable part of the ecosystem, providing a variety of essential services like pest control and plant pollination. Bats belong to the Chiropteran order which is large and diverse, these creatures can be found at seaside or desserts. These amazing creatures are estimated to save corn farmers 1 billion USD globally by preying on agriculture pests. Researchers have believe that bat boxes would be economically viable for farmers to use compared to pesticide. Yet bats are the victim of turbines, human encroachment, and pesticides. The articles points out how people showed be trying to protect bats considering their important to the environments and how they might if their perception of bats changes.

Annotated Bibliography 9: Sociability and gazing toward humans in dogs and wolves: Simple behaviors with broad implications

Bentosela, Mariana, et al. “Sociability And Gazing Toward Humans In Dogs And Wolves: Simple Behaviors With Broad Implications.” Journal Of The Experimental Analysis Of Behavior 105.1 (2016): 68-75. PsycINFO. Web. 25 Mar. 2016.

Sociability is defined as the ability to approach and interact with unfamiliar people. The article is mainly about the study that was conducted to compare sociability and gaze behavior in domestic dogs and human socialized captive wolves in order to identify the relative influence of domestication in the human-dog bond. Gaze behavior is when people or animas direct their gaze to visible hand movement goals. Two experiments were conducted the results were that dogs showed higher levels of interspecific sociability than wolves even when no attention was available.  Studies have shown lifetime experiences are important in the development of the bond between dogs and humans. For example , shelter dogs remained closer to passive unknown humans then pet dogs, but also showed more fear-appeasement behavior. One of the most important consequence of domestication is that dogs and humans have become social partners, the dogs forming an attachment with their owners.

Image result for domestication of wolves and dogs


Exterior Site: Atlanta Zoo in The Jungle

zoo-atlantaThe moment you see the Atlanta zoo you feel like your about to enter the Jungle, a jungle in the middle of a city. In the front is a bunch of potted plants and tree shrubs all around. Their is a wooden archway that with vines on it, there’s two entrance doorways with security guards and admissions attendants.  The ticket attendant is there to sell and check tickets that gives you permission to enter the zoo, while the security guard is their to make you are carrying no weapons that could pose dangerous to other people in the zoo. There’s also a sign attached to the front of the wooden archway with the words Atlanta zoo in white which stands out against it’s first green background. Looking around you’ll see mostly  2 or more people entering the zoo together and I believe the main purpose of the zoo encourages this. Because even though the zoo has attractions you can enjoy on you own the main attraction is being able to view the amazing wild animals which is more enjoyable when your sharing the experience with another.  There’s also two buildings on beachside of the entrance with teal color roofs facing each other allowing you a clear few of trees in the background. The zoo has a very spacious design (open space) shown in the gaps they leave between each architectural structure because they want visitor to be able to to take in as much of the zoo as possible.


Annotated Bibliography 8: Selection for ‘environmental fit’ from existing Domesticated Species

Lawrence, A B, and E Wall. “Selection For ‘Environmentai Fit’ From Existing Domesticated Species.” Revue Scientifique Et Technique (International Office Of Epizootics) 33.1 (2014): 171-179. MEDLINE with Full Text. Web. 24 Mar. 2016.

The articles is about the history of animals breeding. Which has a very long history in which farm animals where breed for human benefits. Using a process called selection, in the articles selection refers to the genetic improvement of animals with artificial selection. Recently the practice of animal breeding has become more sophisticated, increasing the speed of production traits. For example, the rate of growth (increased) in animals. However there’s also been some well documented evidence of negative fertility and health issues in high yielding dairy cattle. The author of this article is trying to explore the questions surrounding breeding and welfare. Concluding that there is a better need for an understanding of genotype and the environments effect on health and welfare traits in order to get breeding programs to improve environmental fit in animals.