Monthly Archives: January 2016

Summary 2- (Exterior) (Tapestry of Space: Domestic Architecture and Underground Communities in Margaret Morton’s Photography of a Forgotten New York) –

In this Article everything stood out to me, but specifically the part in the article where Irina Neressova in the section of the Domestic Architecture says, “The homeless are faced with a reality others avoid recognizing by divorcing themselves from urban space and by providing themselves with a false impression of control by obtaining material signs of wealth and security. Having to face this reality of vulnerability, the homeless demonstrate, for the rest of the people, the inventive nature of endurance.”

It is true as the people in general see what circumstances anyone can end up in, being if there is no money and protection then you will end up on the streets with a higher risk of dying because of the climatic weather, famine, thirst, lack of human contact, being in your own manure, and in more unfortunate situations. Money is not everything, but it is necessary to be able to be okay in this short life in having your own home, in having an education, and in being able to become a professional, but it is not everything. People that have that “false reality of control(…)” in Money, power, and security are never going to be secure, and it is definetly not the reason why we were created to be on this earth, because we can die any day so the security is really non-existent and when we die the money and power will not go with us, by that time you will be judged in your good and bad deeds by our Merciful and Just God.

The homeless show the most fortunate how it can happen to us any day. There is just no real security because any person, any CEO could become unemployed and end up on the street because they could not pay for their house, anyone could have family problems where the children grown up do not care for their older senior parents so they are on the street. There are others that have had harder lives then most where they were abused and ended up in drugs, no one really knows every person’s situation, but those homeless people beg for the outside world to help them. They might demonstrate their “endurance(….)” to us that they have not given up because they actually want to do something with their lives and are trying to survive in these unfortunate states of being so they do not die, and very few that really do not care what happens, BUT in general I know for a fact that these valuable people on the streets are imploring and needing help of every person that is able to buy a sandwich or quickly make one and have groups of people feeding them, giving them advice, and have different centers or rehabilitation buildings made for these people so they can become successful individuals and bring back that self-dignity that was lost as a person, as a child of God, as a human being.

I have been able to observe and personally experience giving the food to these homeless people on the streets in a Religious Community Group, and while it is great to see how thankful they are, it is very heartbreaking seeing how they live and how sad many of them feel when we go, and their tears running down their cheeks. This experience has shown me that many of us are very ungrateful because we always complain about small things or think we have it bad, but no, there are many people that need our help. These homeless people really are in spiritual, emotional, physical, and in psychological need. They want and need our help because they alone are not able to pick their selves up. No human being wants to be on the street.

In Conclusion, I hope people would stop thinking of their own problems all the time, and actually see how many people and organizations need more of our help: homeless people, protection of old people, protection of the babies in the womb, more support for those single mothers, support for those that are abused, guidance in spiritually, more protection for wildlife, etc. All of these things I have listed and the etc. part, need of us.




Nersessova, Irina. “Tapestry of Space: Domestic Architecture and Underground Communities in Margaret’s Morton’s Photography of a Forgotten New York.” DisClosure: A Journal of Social Theory: Vol. 23, Article 3. UK Knowledge, 2014. Web. 23 Jan. 2016. <>.



Summary 1- (Exterior) (Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation Through Physical Design of the Built Environment)

In the article of Architectural Exclusion by Sarah Schindler, the built environment is shown as an unseen barrier to the people of all time being in our history, present, and possible future. The built environment has also been ignored by those legal scholars, constructors and those responsible in the design layout of the cities and everything around it because they do not see the architecture as a way of regulation; controlling the way people act and where they go and possibly affecting how they travel as well. The walls, highways, one-way streets, and more obstacles have originally been inserted in the communities going back into our history, to separate or in other words segregate the Black including Latinos away from the Whites, since the white people were always “above” any of these minorities, well that being the mentality of before, the whites had to be separate from the rest. The whites always thought that they had to be protected from the “violence” and poverty of the minorities, they just did not accept them. They were extremely racist in many states and found that the only way to not see them or be near them, was through shutting down a part of a street or creating signs, and highways in a certain way that did not allow even the buses to travel those parts that white people were living in. Ridiculously, there was even “racially restrictive covenants, racial zoning, and exclusionary zoning…” said Sarah Schindler on her Article (In part III). It was to a point where those white city planners or designers of the way things would be gridded out, would literally cut through black neighborhoods where thousands lived and put the highway there so they forcibly moved them from there homes, making many homeless and making them go into public housing where they maybe could stay.(Sarah Schindler) It was absurd. There was an extreme amount of racism that existed before and still now.

Exclusion in the architecture of the environment was the main idea Sarah Schindler pointed out. Before it was racism and “violence” related that the people specifically whites who wanted those walls and other barriers built, and now it could still have that impact today. There are people that live in neighborhoods where they like having security so unknown characters do not trespass easily without permission of those living in those neighborhoods (Sarah Schindler), so those communities have the cage-like somewhat elegant type fences surrounding all of their homes. I am a personal example since I have gone to a neighborhood of one of my family members that in this article would describe as an architecture that excludes the outsiders, but for the reason the people of this particular neighborhood want more security their families.

Another point I see of this article in modern day America of exclusion that really catches my eye, is how many Americans of all races depending in the area they live in, well specifically suburban locations, prefer not to have transit stations or MARTA, anything of that sort due to their thinking of creating more traffic and bringing more violence in, and attracting more people living in poverty from the actual cities to those areas and get all the jobs; this breeds fear in people.

Overall, I see the point of having gates for security and the highways and signs as a fantastic way to be able to become more mobile and to have more opportunities. Now, in the part of racial discrimination, I feel it is an ignorant stupid way of thinking or being. I mean, Who wants to be excluded that way? or treated that way? Who wants to be forcibly thrown out of their homes? Is that humane? Is it moral to treat a person as a piece of trash? I don’t think so. Do you?



Schindler, Sarah. “Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation Through Physical Design of the Built Environment.” Yale Law Journal. Yale Law Journal, Apr. 2015. Web. 23 Jan. 2016. <>.


Architectural Exclusion
Architectural Exclusion

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