Annotated Bibliography 10: The Impact of Gentrification on Voter Turnout.

Gibbs Knotts, H., and Moshe Haspel. “The Impact Of Gentrification On Voter Turnout.” Social Science Quarterly (Wiley-Blackwell) 87.1 (2006): 110-121. Professional Development Collection. Web. 25 Mar. 2016.

The goal of this article is to discuss the impact on gentrification on voter turnout in Atlanta neighborhoods. The authors generally want to test the theorgia of mobilization and destabilization. Mobilization is the process of citizens coming together to understand their issues and working together find solutions. Destabilization is the constant change in leadership while problems become more varied and harder to solve as a whole. Using the census data from 1990 and 2000, they accumulate their voter turnout model. In conclusion, the find that gentrification decrease turnout among longstanding residents. The authors suggest that policymakers should focus on ways to decrease the negative consequence of gentrification.

The article will be helpful in my research because it will give a political view on gentrification and its effect on the African American neighborhood. The model used for the voter turnout may not be completely helpful for today but based on when it was published, it was the best information available at that time.

Annotated Bibliography 9: Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation Through Physical Design of the Built Environment

SCHINDLER, SARAH. “Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination And Segregation Through Physical Design Of The Built Environment.” The Yale Law Journal 124.(2015): 1934.LexisNexis Academic: Law Reviews. Web. 25 Mar. 2016.

Schindler writes this article to clearly define what architectural exclusion is and its effects on the general public. She gives plenty of examples in transportation, housing, and public places. She also supplies a reason as to why this issue is occurring. In the end, she offers a solution to the issue she has identified.

This article will be helpful in my research because of the examples given. I can relate all the things she say towards Atlanta and the African American neighborhood. She actually mentions the problem of MARTA and it’s effect on the poor and people of color. I will be able to think about other things in Atlanta’s culture that hinder access to the poorer citizens. The definition of architectural exclusion is another subject I can address in my final analysis and this article defines it.

Annotated Bibliography 8: Large Redevelopment Initiatives, Housing Values and Gentrification: The Case of the Atlanta Beltline.


Immergluck, Dan. “Large Redevelopment Initiatives, Housing Values And Gentrification: The Case Of The Atlanta Beltline.” Urban Studies (Sage Publications, Ltd.) 46.8 (2009): 1723. Publisher Provided Full Text Searching File. Web. 24 Mar. 2016.

Published in 2009, this paper examines the announcement effects on property values of the Atlanta Beltline. According to the author, the “Beltline” is the large, multipurpose development initiative. The author mentions property values from 2000 to 2006 and compares that data with the amount of news coverage. The paper ‘s thesis is that because of the large increase in home premiums near the lower-income, southside parts of the Beltline district between 2003 and 2005, which correspond to the initial media coverage of the planning process, demonstrate speculation and gentrification.

This article will be helpful to my research to understand the process of gentrification in regards to property values happening at this time. I will be able to back up my statements with the fact found from this study. The time is was published is also important because of the housing market crashing and recession at that time. This study was most likely written to further examine the housing market due to the recession.

Annotated Bibliography 7: An Atlanta magazine roundtable

“An Atlanta Magazine Roundtable.” Atlanta 49.9 (2010): 70-96. MasterFILE Elite. Web. 24 Mar. 2016.

Written in 2009, this article is an interview with a group of Atlanta leaders who talk about the city by identifying its problems over the past decade and suggesting solutions the newly elected mayor can take to solve them. There are seven interviewees including an educator, an imam, a developer, and a neighborhood activist.

One problem pointed was from Edward Gilgor, a self-employed attorney and chair of the Neighborhood Planning Unit W, expressed that safety and security was a major problem in Atlanta. Another problem was shared by Sharron Pitts, the chief of staff for Atlanta Public Schools, said since the removal of the Atlanta Housing Authority development and the recession, school closings in larger parts of the city have been occurring. All of the interviewees were able to specifically explain what they thought to be an issue.

This magazine article will be highly important to my research because it will give me specific problems that the African American people are experiencing from the point of view of different fields. Because it is written in 2009, that means that people aren’t doing so great because of the recession. This article was probably written to raise awareness of the problems of Atlanta; making Atlanta’s citizens pay attention to what the new mayor does to address their issues.


Annotated Bibliography 6: Constructing African American Urban Space In Atlanta, Georgia by Joshua F.J. Inwood

INWOOD, JOSHUA F. J. “Constructing African American Urban Space In Atlanta, Georgia.” Geographical Review 101.2 (2011): 147-163. Environment Complete. Web. 23 Feb. 2016.

Joshua Inwood, an assistant professor of geography at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, wrote a journal about Big Bethel AME Church’s $45 million redevelopment project that included housing and retail space. Big Bethel AME Church is a church on Auburn Ave that is one of the oldest black-run institutions in Atlanta. The author sought to explain the implications of the redevelopment project and how it is symbolic to modern black counterpublic places.

I chose this source because it is an analysis of the Sweet Auburn area and the process of recapturing its past culture. There will be of more concentration on the redevelopment. It will talk about the black community, specifically Big Bethel, and it’s efforts to reclaim their neighborhood. This source can contribute to my research of the redevelopment of African American neighborhood with Sweet Auburn being one of them.

Annotated Bibliography 5: REMEMBERING ‘Sweet Auburn Avenue.’

“REMEMBERING ‘Sweet Auburn Avenue.’.” Ebony 43.7 (1988): 164. Middle Search Plus. Web. 23 Feb. 2016.

Published in 1988, this article acts as a primary resource for the mindsets of African Americans when Auburn Avenue was culturally destroyed. The article first tells of what Auburn Avenue was to the black community during that time. It goes on to explain how it was split apart by the 75/85 interstate and the citizens reactions. Lastly, it describes the leaders of the community’s plan to bring the culture of Auburn Avenue back again.

I chose to use this source because it gives a first hand description of what the town was like and what it meant to the people. It will also describe the outcome of the neighborhood’s fall. It’s more reliable to use than a textbook because of when it was published. A textbook isn’t going to offer the same descriptions, quotes, examples, and language as this newspaper article did. I could use this source to make a comparison of that article’s Auburn Avenue and the 2016 Auburn Avenue.

Annotated Bibliography 4: Displacement And The Racial State In Olympic Atlanta 1990-1996 by Seth Gustafson

GUSTAFSON, SETH. “Displacement And The Racial State In Olympic Atlanta 1990-1996.” Southeastern Geographer 53.2 (2013): 198. Advanced Placement Source. Web. 23 Feb. 2016.

Seth Gustafson, a candidate in the department of Geography for the University of Georgia, argues his idea of how Atlanta’s city council created plans to make Atlanta a “global city” for the 1996 Olympics by displacing the lower socioeconomic citizens. The article also uses other cities that acted in similar ways like Seoul for their Olympics in 1988.

This source is relevant to my research because it will provide a detailed explanation of what occurred to African American neighborhoods that were destroyed due to construction for the Olympics. It also offers another possible intention of the city council that isn’t solely just racism.

I chose this article because it gives a specific time period and event to focus on rather than just generalized statements that can be made in other sources. It also is centered on Atlanta and the African American neighborhood. It will discuss the process of deconstruction of homes, resistance from former residents, the relocation of displaced people, the construction of Olympic-related places, and lasting effect on the displaced people and neighborhoods.

This is a depiction of some of Atlanta's Olympic related areas and other landmarks

This is a depiction of some of Atlanta’s Olympic related areas and other landmarks

Southeastern Geographer, Summer2013, Vol. 53 Issue 2, p198-213, 16p, 1 Graph
Graph; found on p200

Annotated Bibliography 2

Roy, Parama. “Collaborative Planning – A Neoliberal Strategy? A Study Of The Atlanta Beltline.” Cities 43.(2015): 59-68. ScienceDirect. Web. 5 Feb. 2016.

Written by a Geo-sciences professor at Georgia State University, the article’s purpose is to assess the Atlanta BeltLine planning project. It will discuss the implications of the collaborative planning theory used for the BeltLine. It will also talk about how the collaborative planning theory could have been corrupted by market-driven decisions. The author proposes that market-driven decisions ruin the democratic process of planning. The example given is decisions regarding the historic Old Forth Ward neighborhood in Atlanta. This article will helpful to my research because it will give specific examples of the decisions for the BeltLine and how it changed historically African American neighborhoods like Old Fourth Ward. It will further show corruption amongst the decision makers. This article isn’t a primary source; therefore, the arguments proposed could be false. What if the decisions weren’t market-driven? What if the author missed something important? What if they used information that would  only support their thesis? These questions must be taken in consideration when using this source; however it is still an great source because the argument given is understandable based on the grounds given.

Annotated Bibliography 1

Holliman, Irene V. “From Crackertown To Model City? Urban Renewal And Community Building In Atlanta, 1963-1966.” Journal Of Urban History 35.3 (2009): 369. Publisher Provided Full Text Searching File. Web. 5 Feb. 2016.

This article, written by a historian at the University of Georgia, studies the mayor, business men, organizations, and residents in Atlanta during the 1960’s during the urban renewal phase. There are two sides to the issue. Some wanted the money for public housing and others thought it should be spent to protect the property values of business districts. The problems arise because of site selections, limited funding, and planning. This article will further my research because it will provide information about the planning aspect of the urban planning time period of Atlanta. This source is the correct time period and place for my research. I will receive more details about the people’s resistance to the new plans and their plans to keep their homes. The article is not a primary source. Just like myself, the author of this article had to conduct research. The article could miss some information that could be useful; however, it is still relatively important because it will give informative insight on the city councils and business associates reactions to the troubles placed upon them. It will also show what precautions the public took to keep their neighborhoods from being torn apart.

Annotated Bibliography 3

Hyra, Derek. “The Back-To-The-City Movement: Neighbourhood Redevelopment And Processes Of Political And Cultural Displacement.” Urban Studies (Sage Publications, Ltd.) 52.10 (2015): 1753. Publisher Provided Full Text Searching File. Web. 5 Feb. 2016.

This article was written by an associate professor at Virginia Tech. It talks about a study that assess the population influx of citizens in Washington D.C between 2009 and 2012. The concentration is solely on the redevelopment of the Shaw/U Street neighborhood, which is known to be an African American neighborhood. A population increase has forced residents out and new ones to accommodate them, making property values to increase. This is what the author calls “The Back-To-The-City Movement”. The effects of this movement is discussed and demonstrated in specific examples. I chose to use this source because it will give information about the effects of redevelopment of an existing neighborhood. It’s even more beneficial because the district being discussed is an African American neighborhood; which is highly relevant to the topic. The article is in the right time period; however the place in question could be a problem. My research is about Atlanta’s redevelopment. Although, the article studies a different place, it is still great to use because the information can be used to compare the effects of Atlanta’s redevelopment with another major city; thereby, showing it’s not just Atlanta’s issue but can be any city’s issue.