Annotated Bibliographies

AB- My Coke rewards website



The My Coke Rewards website is a site where participants of the My Coke Rewards program can log on and view the status of their rewards. The website gives information on what the program is, how it works, and how one can sign up. The intended audience is people who are avid supporters of the Coca-Cola company who also want to participate in this rewards program. This website is useful because it informs people who desire to become a member of the program, as well as those already enrolled, beneficial information that they would need to know.

AB- Coca Cola company/unbottled


The Coca-Cola Company ‘Unbottled’ website is a blog that broadcasts various events that the Coca–Cola company is takes part in throughout the community. The website advertises Coca-Cola promotions such as putting your name on a Coke bottle, their new Minute Maid Sparkling product, and their recent deal with China Green, maker of plant-based protein beverages. The intended audience for this website is people who are interested in learning or researching what Coca-Cola is doing in the community and internationally. This site is useful because it provides an immense amount of information about current Coca –Cola news.

AB for Coca Cola official website



The official Coca Cola website is designed by a team of individuals. The purpose of this website is to provide information on the various Coke products that are available, the history of Coca Cola, and sustainability of the company. The intended audience of this site is anyone who make be doing research on the Coca Cola company and their products or someone who may be looking for a career in the company. This site is useful because it is very user friendly and considerably easy to navigate. It provides a plethora of information about the Coke products and as well as the ways that the company gives back to the community.

Annotated Bib. for World of Coca Cola official website


The World of Coca Cola website is designed by a group of individuals who collectively decide on the content of the website. The purpose of the website is to inform visitors of useful information about the World of Coca Cola, including but not limited too the hours of operation, how to purchase tickets for tours of the World of Coke, and information on the Atlanta City Pass. It gives information on the different types of Coke you can taste on your visit. The intended audience for the website would most likely be parents planning a visit with their children or schools planning a field trip with elementary to middle school aged children. The website is useful because it provides virtually all need information for visiting the World Coke such as the hours of operation, cost of tickets, and location of the attraction.

AB for “Efficiency and Innovativeness as Determinants of Design Architecture Choices”

Abecassis-Moedas, Celine, and Pierre-Jean Benghozi. “Efficiency And Innovativeness As Determinants Of Design Architecture Choices.” Journal Of Product Innovation Management 29.3 (2012): 405-418. Business Source Complete. Web. 28 Feb. 2016.



In the article “Efficiency and Innovativeness as Determinants of Design Architecture Choices”, the authors, Abecassis-Moedas, Celine Benghozi, and Pierre-Jean, suggest that “internal design offers greater efficiency, whereas external design provides increased innovativeness”. They gathered information from face-to-face interviews and archival documents. The purpose of this article is to provide some insight for architectural designers on how other designers in this field make decisions when creating internal and external spaces for a company. This source is useful because it describes different techniques and ideas that designers use in their creative process. The authors analyze the decisions that companies make in terms of internal and external design.



AB for “An Investigation of How Design-Oriented Organisations Implement Design Thinking”

Chen, Steven, and Alladi Venkatesh. “An Investigation Of How Design-Oriented Organisations Implement Design Thinking.” Journal Of Marketing Management 29.15/16 (2013): 1680-1700. Business Source Complete. Web. 23 Feb. 2016.

The authors of the article “An Investigation of How Design-Oriented Organisations Implement Design Thinking”, Steven Chen (graduate of California State University, Fullerton, USA) and Alladi Venkatesh (graduate of University of California, Irvine, USA), state that “there is an emphasis on design, especially in relation to marketing activities such as product development, product packaging, and brand logo creation”, which requires organizations to implement “design thinking into developing design outcomes”.



The authors preformed several studies and conducted secondary research to gather information to support their thesis. The intended audience is interior designers for organizations. The purpose of this article is to “develop a conceptual framework for design thinking, and then to investigate empirically how organizations implement it in actual practice”. This source is useful because it discusses “the dimensions of design thinking and how organizations implement design thinking to create concepts that match organizational goals”. It provides information on how designers incorporate the vision of the organization into their work.

AB #1 for ” Creativity, aesthetics and eco-friendliness: A physical dining environment design synthetic assessment model of innovative restaurants”

Horng, Jeou-Shyan, et al. “Creativity, Aesthetics And Eco-Friendliness: A Physical Dining Environment Design Synthetic Assessment Model Of Innovative Restaurants.” Tourism Management 36.(2013): 15-25. ScienceDirect. Web. 23 Feb. 2016.

The authors of the article “Creativity, aesthetics and eco-friendliness: A physical dining environment design synthetic assessment model of innovative restaurants”, Jeou-Shyan Horng(president of Taiwan Hospitality Education Association with a PhD from Iowa State University), Sheng-Fang Chou(doctoral student of Department of Human Development and Family, National Taiwan Normal University), Chih-Hsing Liu(Assistant Professor of Ming Chuan University with a Ph.D. degree from National Taiwan University, and Chang-Yen Tsai (associate professor of Department of Hospitality Management with a PhD from Iowa State University) , collectively propose that “innovation is a critical attribute in future restaurant physical environment designed”.


They used information gathered from interviews and the ideas from experts to support their thesis. They concluded from their studies “that eco-friendliness, creativity and aesthetics dimension are complementary”. The purpose of this study, as stated in the introduction of the article, is to “provide an important reference for restaurant managers and interior designers in their decision-making process, thereby reducing risk”. This source is useful because it gives insight on what interior designers take into consideration when designing an internal environment.

In-class AB for “Disabled by Design” By: Kennedy Herring and Iman Muhyedin

Gordon, Clark Miller and Claire. “How a Lack of Imagination in Technological Design Harms the Disabled.” Slate. New America, 26 Feb. 2015. Web. 09 Feb. 2016.

In their article “Disabled by Design”, Clark Miller and Claire Gordon state that “the future consists of constant improvements in technology to improve the lives of disabled individuals”. It further explains “the ADA was not simply a declaration of the rights of people with disabilities, but a profound statement that the problem of disability was not inherent to bodies but rather a result of poor technological design”. The authors used secondary research as well as a study conducted on women in the army to support their thesis. The purpose of the article is to make a call for action among architects and engineers to create structures that are accommodating for people of all abilities. The intended audience is architects and engineers who are looking to design environments for everyone. This source is useful because information on how technology should be more of aid to those who are disabled and how designers of public space should be more considerate of disabled individuals.

AB for “Universal Instructional Design: Tools For Creating An Inclusive Educational Experience.”

Banfield-Hardaway, Stacey. “Universal Instructional Design: Tools For Creating An Inclusive            Educational Experience.” Vermont Connection 31.(2010): 21-28. Education Source. Web. 5 Feb. 2016.


In her article, “Universal Instructional Design: Tools for Creating an Inclusive Educational Experience”, Stacey Banfield-Hardaway, a St. Lawrence University graduate with a B.A. in Sociology and Educational Studies, states that collegiate “campus community members must evaluate the degree to which the campus environment and social climate are welcoming to students with disabilities”. She uses secondary research from a number of creditable sources, such as the World Health Organization and the Center for Universal Design, to increase her ethos throughout the article. The purpose of this article is to “address the needs of students with disabilities and deconstruct prejudice against them”. The author’s intended audience is collegiate administrations who are responsible for constructing an inclusive campus for its students. This source is useful for my purposes because it provides suggestions for how colleges can improve the accessibility and “inclusiveness” of their campuses.

AB for “Campus Image: A Vital Part Of A University’s Brand.”

Mayer, Fred. “Campus Image: A Vital Part Of A University’s Brand.” Planning For Higher Education 42.4 (2014): 1-12. Education Source. Web. 5 Feb. 2016.

Fred Mayer, an architecture graduate from Pratt Institute in NYC with a MRP degree from Cornell University, states in his article “Campus Image: A Vital Part of a University’s Brand” that “if a university wants to strengthen its brand, then upgrading its visual image is one very effective way to accomplish this goal.” He uses specific examples of college campuses that utilize his suggestions of how to make a campus more appealing. He also conducted surveys and secondary research to support his claims. Mayer’s purpose for writing this article is to inform people of what students look for in a college campus including “greenery, campus artwork, and plaza areas”. The intended audience is collegiate administrations who are in charge of creating a positive visual image for their university through its landscape design. This source is useful because it provides information about how the visual image of a campus determines whether a student will chose to attend the university or not, and it also determines how students will interact on campus.

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