Morton’s Reading Summary: The Tunnels


Margret Morton’s “The Tunnel” is eye opening. In late 1980s and 1990s many people in New York were homeless. With nowhere to go many homeless people made their way to an underground train tunnel. This place in hidden from the public view and now one of the oldest surviving homeless communities. The type of people who live in these tunnels are mostly people battling poverty. However, these tunnels are also a way for “regular people” to escape their lives. Some escape their hostile family and there’s even a married couple who love down there. The way the tunnels are designed is bunkers all alongside the train tunnel. Living here doesn’t require one to pay rent, that’s why some people live there to lay of all that stress. Another thing the reading talks about is the psychological effect being homeless have effect on people. This is called Situational International theory also called “The SI”. Morton shares the lives of the tunnel people. How they use their space in the tunnel to show self- representation. They believe living in the tunnel is a way of helping them find their selves. Morton gets an inside look of the tunnel life and is escorted by “The Lord of the Tunnel”, Bernard. There are famous shocking photographs of the tunnels in New York. Morton’s “The tunnels” really show an eye opening way of life.

The Hidden Exclusion

In the past is known for people to use many ways to exclude and wanted people from certain areas. People would use a government by passing laws to get what they want. When that didn’t work violence that was used. Many people tend to not realize but when they see bridges, one-way streets, or divided benches they seem to think that’s just the features of the area. However, a number of social scientists say structures have a way of creating a system of inequality. For example some benches have divided seats making convenient armrests. What many people tend to not see is that these “armrests” are really there to prevent homeless people from sleeping on the benches. This is what I like to call “blind architectural discrimination”. Most people are blind from this architectural exclusion therefore not making this act in the books. Social scientist believe that the built environment controls human behavior. This Journal goes through and talks about different examples of agricultural exclusion. For example, highways make it harder to get into the wealthier communities. In these wealthy communities there tends to be parking restrictions. Some neighborhoods even require the home owner to have parking permits for their car. If guests come over they are responsible for giving them a guest parking pass. This makes it harder for outsiders to come into these types of neighborhoods. It’s called architectural exclusion and what’s being excluded is mostly the poor and people of color. This is a problem all over the united states that needs further attention.

Syllabus Quiz

What are the major projects? In a bulleted list, provide links to the project descriptions for each of them.
Reading Summaries (6)
Annotated Bibliography (10 annotations)
Built Environment Descriptions (3, one each for exterior, interior, and digital)
Built Environment Analysis (1)


What is the “submission form” and how do you use it?.

How will your final grade be calculated?
A-/A: major projects complete + 810-900 points B-/B/B+: major projects complete + 720-809 points C/C+: major projects complete + 630-719 points Non-passing: one or more major projects incomplete

What is the “submission form” and how do you use it?
The submission form is where you will “turn in” all the assignments and projects. You will find it on Mrs As website under the tab FORM. Students will enter their name, GSU email, assignment name and URL to what you are submitting.

Embed the form below your answer (hint: Google “embed Google form” to find out how).

Embed the course calendar and weekly overview below this question.

Where on the course website can you find an overview of what’s due and the readings for each unit?
You can find it on the class calendar and unit overview.

What is the best way to see an overview of what’s due each week?
Viewing the class calendar specifically shows what’s due each week.

What is the attendance policy?
Students earn points for coming to class and lose points for not attending class. 20 points are gained when attending class and 20 points are lost when not attending class. 10-20 points can be lost for arriving late to class as well.
What are my office hours, and how do you make an appointment to see me outside of class?
Office hours are in Langdale 970 Tues 9:30-11:30 and by appointment. Appointments can be made via email using your students GSU email. Mrs A is also avalible to meet on WebEx or Google Hangout.

How do you earn participation credit? Provide a link to the instructions/guidelines for particiption.


You must earn points to receive a better grade then a C in the class. Points are always recorded and can be viewed at any time on Google Docs. You can earn points for coming to class, setting up group sessions, reading extra material, adding to your website ect..

How many points can you earn by participating in or organizing a study group session?
Students can earn up to 25 points when organizing/participating in a group study

How can you be assured of earning an “A” in this course?
Earning an A in this class requires you to complete all major assignments and receiving at least 2500 points
What are the minimum requirements for earning a passing grade of “C”?
If you complete all four major assignments and earning the minimum amount of points
What do you do if you’re not sure how to document your participation in order to earn points?
If you are unsure of can view the syllabus online to find your answer and if you have further more questions you can ask Mrs A in class or via email.

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