Research Paper

Young Ahn

English 1102


Research Paper



 As we live in the advanced era, the level of consciousness of people has changed, also the living environment is changing accordingly. Along with this, the method of education is diversifying, online education, where students can study according to a student’s schedule without the time and free from the limitations of time and place without restrictions. What are the pros and cons of studying online? I want to summarize the results of browsing sources.

 In our changed lives, the way of education is also changing. In the past, students were permitted a choice by attending only one designated place at one specific time to receive an education. Still, nowadays, receiving an education is more diverse, and by allowing the student to meet the students’ schedule at the desired time and the way they want. A sudden outbreak of Corona 19 in 2019 left people isolated, and it is imperative for online education to be reorganized with a number of learning programs or as a safeguard against reactivation of the pandemic. With the increasing access to online education under the pandemic, there must be some downside to it as well.

 Bentley stated that “And again proving that necessity is the mother of invention, two U.S. universities, Duke and New York University (NYU), with Chinese campuses closed due to COVID-19, in only a few weeks moved their courses online so they didn’t have to cancel the whole semester.”(Bentley 33-36) With the outbreak of Corona 19, Duke and Cornell University said they were able to save classes that are reaching the end of it by quickly closing campuses for Chinese students and shifting them to online. In other words, if there was no school’s quick response, the few lessons could not be completed and could be delayed. This article by Kip is asking questions about how COVID-19 could spread in the United States and its impact on schools and students. As a solution to these emergencies, he has limited some countermeasures, saying that using a variety of programs, for example, students should use a learning management system such as Blackboard and Canvas, to support students whose classes can move online and to strengthen their capabilities.


 Online education, which seems to have only the positive side, also has negative sides as well. Jordan Friedman, an independent journalist based in New York, writes about higher education and is currently responsible for content marketing for US news, claims that only 60% of students who switch to online education say they are ready for this change. 64% of students showed a negative view of online learning, which requires self-management. After starting online school, various problems such as a learning gap due to non-face-to-face learning have occurred. It means that students are not ready to switch to pivot yet. It is unlikely that students will be able to stop their studies just because a sudden crisis struck, so it will have to be resolved through constant support from the school.

 (Mayer) “A college degree is often viewed as a key step toward better employment and higher earnings. Many community college students, however, never graduate and cannot reap the financial benefits associated with a college degree.” (Mayer) Lack of rigorous evidence regarding the effect of financial aid on graduation rates and employment outcomes. Research suggests that interventions offering financial assistance can improve students’ academic progression in some instances in the short term. Still, we know very little about the long-term consequences of such interventions. The higher your level of education, the better your income and life will be. Generally, this means that the time and effort invested in obtaining an education cannot be guaranteed. However, as our life spans increase, the period during which we are employed becomes longer, and the quality of life does become more secure. The chances of getting a job are enhanced if you earn a bachelor’s degree since the vast majority of jobs in the United States will still require a two-year degree or higher.

 A college education is absolutely necessary to increase one’s value and enjoy financial freedom. Many students invest their time and money in studying, but only a small number of students reach their coal. According to this journal( Mayer & Patal & Gutierrez 1 “Year Degree and Employment Findings From a Randomized Controlled Trial of a One-Year Performance-Based Scholarship Program in Ohio.”), 66.6% of students admitted in 2003-2004 did not receive a degree even though they spent six years in college. Thus, even low-income families must earn a degree to increase their income. It implies that studying is not the only way to achieve financial prosperity and academic success.


 The CNN writer Anna Bhaney covers investments and real estate, focusing on Bitcoin and traditional, alternative, and real estate markets, explaining why it is still necessary to continue studying despite these difficulties. In her article titled, “College graduates earn $30,000 more per year than people with only a high school degree.“ The average college graduate earns $78,000 a year compared to the $45,000 earned by someone with only high school education, according to the analysis. That’s a 75% premium, or more than $30,000 a year.” As such, she says, although it indeed takes a lot of money and time to get a degree, in the long run, the benefits outweigh the cost. The overall value of the degree continues to rise, she explains, and the time and effort spent earning a degree will be rewarded over time.


 The research is based on the study of COVID-19, which has hit our society this time. This study also included schools that were in crisis. It explains the reality we have come across and offer various ways of dealing with the pandemic crisis, as well as the challenges that arise with it as we try to convert the study method to online while still remaining true to the idea of adapting to it and explaining why we should pursue it. Through this, we learned the reason why the educational method we will receive in the future is to be pivoted online, and accordingly, we learned a lesson that no matter how hard it is, we should not stop educating ourselves.



Bentley, Kipp. “Is the Coronavirus a Watershed Moment for Ed Tech and Online Learning?” GovTech, GovTech, 10 Mar. 2020,


Friedman, Jordan. “Tackle Challenges of Online Classes Due to COVID-19.” U.S News, May 4 2020,


Mayer, Alexander K.1, Patel, Reshma2 Gutierrez, Melvin2. “Year Degree and Employment Findings From a Randomized Controlled Trial of a One-Year Performance-Based Scholarship Program in Ohio.”   2016


Bahney Anna CNN Business. “College Grads Earn $30,000 a Year More than People with Just a High School Degree.” CNN, 6 June 2019,

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