CSAL Item Number: 9
CSAL Question: What was the first language you learned to speak?
CSAL Response Options: 1=English, 2=Other
Source: The Longitudinal Study of Adult Learning Wave 1 Questionnaire (1998). Developed under the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy at Portland State University. Retrieved May 20, 2016 from http://www.lsal.pdx.edu/docs/pdf/wave1.pdf.
Source ID: FIRSTLAN
CSAL question form: Verbatim to source
CSAL response options form: Modified from source
Source response options: 01=English, 02=Spanish, 03=Other