Better Online Living Through Content Moderation

Reporting Abuse on a Facebook Individual User." State of California - Department of Justice - Kamala D. Harris Attorney General. Department of Justice, 2015. Web. 3 Apr. 2016.

Reporting Abuse on a Facebook Individual User.” State of California – Department of Justice – Kamala D. Harris Attorney General. Department of Justice, 2015. Web. 8 Apr. 2016.

King, Melissa. “Better Online Living Through Content Moderation,” Model View Culture 28 (October 14, 2015). Web:

In the article, ”Better Online Living Through Content Moderation,” written by Melissa King, she discusses the uses of content/ trigger warnings, block and ignore functions, block lists and privacy options that help to improve one’s computer experience by dismissing content they don’t want to see. She goes on to explain in further detail as to what kind of people benefit from these content managers, such as those with limited patience, anyone who wants to improve their online experience, and those who suffer from PTSD, who avoid triggers or topics that could cause anxiety.

King speaks about how those who prefer to use content moderates are highly criticized as being too “sensitive” or “weak,” which creates this stigma for people to expose themselves to various aspects they cannot handle or view as too much. Some of these things that can be considered too much are cyber-attacks, violence, and graphic content. In most cases these things arise from a disagreement or intentional provoking of violence or attacks.

Next in this article, she discusses the arguments posed against content control from the opposing forces. One major argument being that people tend to blow abuse and harassment out of proportion and therefore should remain less sensitive regarding coping. The opposing forces believe that for a society to be stronger, there must be an environment of free exposure without content moderation. To have gradual exposure to this particular content is likened to that of Exposure Theory, a term that King describes as being able to overcome these triggers and treat fears. In other words, the more you are exposed to an environment, the less you will be affected. This notion isn’t true when it comes to PTSD victims because overexposure will magnify their trauma rather than reduce it when faced with triggering content. Also, she mentions about how open the younger generations are too complex and emotional content and how they suffer from a bigger pushback against political and sensitivity correctness in the Western culture.

King then goes on to discuss how ignorance is depicted through media and myth about the truths of PTSD and how this disorder isn’t something that only veterans suffer from, but can also derive from cyber-attacks. She references a statement from a psychologist who specializes in anxiety disorders by the name of Caleb Lack, who spoke out about the truth of disorders and the effects cyber-bullying has on mental health. She then discusses the uses of block lists towards users and hate groups, how to opt into one that’s suitable for your need, and the most compelling arguments against them that come from those who haven’t done any threatening or harassing.

Finally, King concludes her article with the discussion of how ferocious online attacks can be and the dangers they prose can even go as far as harassing and calling family, and threatening to post personal information. Women are considered fair game when it comes to these type of attacks as stated by King and it is best that they utilize content and blocking tools to avoid digital abuse. Which is why having tools such as block lists and content modifiers are useful for those who desire and want to use them for the purpose of security to protect themselves and their mental health from the displeasing and anxiety-triggering trolling and cyber-bulling.

Color Walking

James. "Beatiful Nature Photography Forest." Wallpapers. Project4Gallery. N.p., 20 Mar. 2016. Web. 3 Apr. 2016. .

James. “Beautiful Nature Photography Forest.” Wallpapers. Project4Gallery. N.p., 20 Mar. 2016. Web. 3 Apr. 2016. <>.

Color Walking:

The article, “Color Walking,” written by Phia Bennin and Brendan McMullan, is about an experiment that gives the reader a new insight about colors and their environment. In the introduction of this article, the authors tell the reader about how William Burroughs discovered a concept to inspire his students. The idea is pretty simple, just walk outside and pick a color that catches your eye. Once that color catches your eye; start following it and watch your surroundings pop as you watch where it takes you. This experiment can make you look at someone’s hair color, to someone’s shoes, which really makes a person feel more in tune with their environment.

The experiment created by Burroughs is a very easy experiment to test and can be very exviting and fun. The authors shared their personal experience by testing it out in WYNC, in lower Manhattan on a Sunday afternoon. However, they didn’t stick to just one color, they switched colors regularly because it was leading then to other colors. One color that kept leading them other colors was various shades of blue. Also, they state how the experiment left the colors hung in their brains and eyes to leave them with a memory of what they saw.

Lastly, the authors explain in detail how the colors they seen seemingly had a lasting effect on them. Seeing colors and following them can show people things that they never really noticed was in front of them and bring them to new places. This experiment can make people see things and the world in a new perspective. William Burroughs experiment is successful in implementing inspiration and having people see the world from a different perspective in new color.

Recognizing Campus Landscapes as Learning Spaces

"- Office of Institutional Effectiveness." Home - Office of Institutional Effectiveness. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2016.

“- Office of Institutional Effectiveness.” Home – Office of Institutional Effectiveness. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2016.

In the article “Recognizing Campus Landscapes as Learning Spaces”, authors Kathleen G. Scholl and Gowri Betrabet Gulwadi explain how the modern college has moved away isolation feel that had dominated for many generations, to one that is now inclusive and open to more people such as the public. Colleges now are expected to make students feel more accepted and provide them with an atmosphere so they can truly be a part of the campus community and identity. In this article, both authors discuss how the growing demographic changes are going to have a major impact on many colleges as more students of different cultural, ethnic, and ideological views are now going to be attending at the same place. A statistic that is mentioned in the article that is astonishing is “In 2009, 20.4 million students were enrolled in 2- or 4-year colleges and universities. By 2019, enrollments are expected to rise 9% for students under age 25, and rise 23% for students over the age of 25 (Snyder & Dillow, 2011)”. It is now a cultural norm that is being accepted by the American society, that every child should receive the opportunity to receive a college education and be able to elevate themselves into society. Throughout the rest of the article, the authors continue addressing their point by using various quotations from other writers, who explain the importance of college inclusiveness and how the it benefits the average student in their career later in life. A great example from the article is “Well-designed and connected networks of indoor and open spaces on campuses can be key, yet typically overlooked catalysts, in student learning and a strong influence on students’ initial and longstanding experiences that promote a sense of belonging to the learning community” (Boyer, 1987; Greene, 2013).

The article then continues with both authors explaining the history of the college and how it has affected the academic and intellect of society. According to the article, the original intent of college was to educate many of the sons of the upper class of the country, which caused a lot of Americans to be illiterate and affected the productivity of the country. A change was enacted when the Morrill Act of 1862 was passed which led to the creation of many new state colleges around the country. The passing of this act gave a large number of middle-class boy the opportunity to finally attend college and receive the resources they needed to elevate amongst their standing in society. For decades to come, there was a lot of social change in the U.S. such as women and minorities being accepted into colleges and the social liberalism movements on college campuses such as the anti-war activism. Today college campuses remain open spaces which are important center’s for teaching and learning for students in the following programs: natural resources management, sustainability/ecology, agriculture, forestry, etc. and more recently, a focus on environmental education and sustainable practices (Painter, et. al., 2013).

The authors conclude this article by continuing to discuss the importance of creating environments that are going to be socially accepted by many new students. The traditional indoor spaces of campuses provide abundant opportunities for the structured learning experiences that attract

Scholl, Kathleen, & Gowri Betrabet Gulwadi. “Recognizing Campus Landscapes as Learning Spaces.” Journal of Learning Spaces [Online], 4.1 (2015): n. pag. Web. 13 Feb. 2016

Making Bathrooms More Accomodating

"Chinese Authorities Employing 'Two Fly' Rule for Public Bathrooms." Prod. Jeanette Torres. ABC. Beijing, China. 25 May 2012.

“Chinese Authorities Employing ‘Two Fly’ Rule for Public Bathrooms.” Prod. Jeanette Torres. ABC. Beijing, China. 25 May 2012.

Bazelon, Emily. “Making Bathrooms More ‘Accommodating.’” The New York Times. The New York Times, 21 Nov. 2015. Web. 15 Feb. 2016.


In the article Making Bathrooms More ‘Accommodating,’ the author Emily Bazelon discussed the social restraints that derive from the evolving society in America – subject of gender. To be precise, the author addresses the most obvious form of gender segregation in the interior design of everyday facilities: public bathrooms. The separation of sexes whether it’s through bathrooms or locker rooms has been accepted as a social norm since women entered the workforce, but with the increasing awareness and rise in the population of transgender citizens, and major issue if revealed: individuals find it difficult to enter a bathroom comfortably. A transgender woman who identifies herself as a woman, and, therefore, would prefer to enter the women’s bathroom, “but some other woman can only see them as men, and solely don’t want to make room” (Bazelon). In today’s society, the definition of male and female does not pertain to the physical appearances of the body of when a girl or boy is born, because social standards and science have progressed to a point where a person can choose what they prefer to be called. In this article, you see that gender no longer has two simple options and become a blurry subject. Furthermore, instead of maintaining gender-specific bathrooms, the author draws attention to the need for accommodation.

In the section about accommodation, the author provides the reader with a clear explanation of what it means to accommodate: “to adapt, to bring into agreement or harmony, to furnish with something desired or needed, to favor or oblige” (Bazelon). The author then goes on to inform the readers that accomodatio0ns have already been made to accept individuals with disabilities, regarding the practice religion, and racial diversity. For the society to fully accept transgender citizens, as other demographics are commonly accepted, changes have to be made so that the population as a whole can feel inclusive in everyday spaces.

A great way to accommodate transgender society would be to remove any gender segregation from bathrooms, and simply utilize unisex, or as Bazelon states to be the new preferred term “all-gender” restrooms settings, however, this idea is not easily accepted into society. In fact, some people oppose the idea. In the text, Bazelon mentions a case in Texas that led people to wearing the phrase “No Men in Women’s Bathrooms” on their bodies. It would seem that a lump sum of citizens are resistance to change, but by doing so, they are also indirectly excluding a demographic of individuals who are granted the same rights under the Bill of Rights. Preceding this issue, white women had difficulties accepting shared restrooms with black women, but for generation’s to come, it simply became a social norm. Also, the removal of gender-specific bathrooms has the prospective of dissolving into a normal social phenomenon in years to come.

Bathrooms that are separated by specific gender roles effects those who are not about of the transgender community also. Women and feminists have noticed a difficulty that seems unfair in bathroom settings. While, men’s restrooms rarely are seen with long lines extending out the door, women’s restrooms are known to have such lines. According to Bazelon, “The urinals that are in men’s bathroom accommodate the male body for more efficiency, although most people overlook the privilege man are provided”. For women, women it seems that they simply use the toilet, for there is no special contraption to accommodate the female body for efficient use. However, women also use public restrooms for sanity purposes while on their menstrual period. The only way women are accommodated in public bathroom settings is through adding trash cans in each stall, whereas men are given a completely separate invention apart from the toilet. Which is why this separated by gender and accommodation stigmas will forever be a main topic in the America society.


In this “Tapestry of Space: Domestic Architecture and Underground Communities in Margaret Morton’s Photography of a Forgotten New York” discussed by Irina Nersessova, she discusses how the architectural structures and homelessness have become an intertwined haven for those who are classified as homeless or the less fortunate. In this article, it is evident that homelessness is a significant problem in cities around the world, but the one that Morton focuses on through photographs is New York City. Morton tries her best to capture pictures of what it looks and feels like to be homeless from a homeless person’s perspective. One great description of a place that a homeless calls a home throughout this article is the underground tunnel in New York City, which is discussed through older photographs. An excellent point that Morton makes about why the homeless choose to live in the tunnels is that the homeless dwell in underground tunnels in New York to escape the bombard of the media and their interpretations on their situations.
The misunderstanding of homelessness is stressed throughout this text. The areas of the city that tourists would consider remote areas of wasted space would never understand the physiological connection that those who live there have than those who don’t. The residents who live in the tunnel consider the darkness to be safe as quoted by one the residents who Nersessova interviewed, “The absolute darkness of the tunnel prevents danger from entering it, which explains how it is possible to have the highest feeling of safety in a place that is perceived as most dangerous.” Although the middle and upper class would never do so due to their fear of darkness or a dim lit area, which is why it creates a safe haven for those who live there.
The residents who have made the choice to live underground demonstrates that the social problems above ground have forced them into an alternate sphere according to Nersessova. The tunnel is seen as a place that accepts its residents as they are, despite the rejection and failure they have experienced from the society above. A majority of the homeless who dwell in the tunnel are some of the most hardworking individuals. Although the middle-upper class society devalues the homeless as people, who are lazy and always looking for handouts. Throughout the rest of this section, Nersessova goes on to discuss how the public space has intensified over the years due to New York trying to maintain its public attractions and how the meaning of domestic architecture is viewed differently by the homelessness. The goal has been to turn urban areas into money-making attractions, as stated by Nersessova the “goal has been to push the poor out of sight.”
In the last section of the article, Nersessova goes on to discuss how Morton retells the stories of the inhabitants of domestic architecture. A great example that helps understand where Morton was getting is her interview with Pepe, “the self-described watchman of the New York neighborhood of Bushville, who made his money in typesetting and in electronics.” The photographs showed the progression of his house as it became a more complicated piece of domestic architecture until it was demolished by the city. The discarded materials represented a sense of identity by they used these to created their homes and had something to call theirs, and this sense of identity is taken away when these homes are demolished or blocked off, and the only place you have to flee to is the underground tunnel where you feel safe and secure. In conclusion, Nersessova shows the connection between the minds of the citizens and architecture. This article shows that discrimination and segregation are still alive in this era, despite it being a blur in some people’s eyes.


In this article named Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination And Segregation Through Physical Design Of The Built Environment by Sarah Schindler she discusses how infrastructures such as public transit systems and highways are being used to keep certain segments of the population the – often the poor and the people of color – separate from the others, particularly the wealthy whites and suburban communities. This article stresses how the lawmakers, courts, judges, legislators, and elected officials treat the architectural exclusion. Throughout this article Schindler examines how the built environment controls and regulates our behavior and how architectural exclusion manipulates their residents, local elected officials, and police forces through their actions of creating and designing infrastructures and built environs to restrict passage through and access to certain areas of communities.

The first section of this article speaks briefly of how most citizens are blind to how architecture is coined as regulation through the systemic social inequality that is apart of these monumental structures of concrete and steel. A quotation that will help you understand and summarizes this first section well, is Nicholas Blomley’s term “traffic logic”: “the idea that planners and civil engineers prioritize the flow of pedestrians and traffic through a physical space, with a focus on civil engineering, rather than prioritizing equal access to a physical space for all, with a focus on civil rights” (Schindler, 1945). Blomley’s quotation summarizes how many cities facilitate planning decisions that include exclusions and how various legal scholars have confronted these concepts in context to class and race.

The second section discusses how various states and municipalities create and design different infrastructures to exclude localities from having access to physical barriers, such as buildings walls and barriers so the poor and African-Americans cannot have access to them. Some other things that revolve around architectural exclusions are transit systems that include these exclusionary transportation designs: placement of transit stops, highway routes, bridge exits, and road infrastructure, wayfinding: one-way streets, dead- end streets, and confusing signage, and residential parking permits. Throughout all of these sections, they explain how race has been a contributing factor for limiting the geography of transit to eliminate low-income and minority neighborhoods. A great example that describes this from the text would be the scenario about Cynthia Wiggins, “a seventeen-year-old woman who was hit and killed by a dump truck while she was attempting to cross a seven lane highway to get to the mall where she worked” (Schindler, 1964). Another example that shows that these white residents are still succeeding in keeping black residents out of their neighborhoods is the wealthy, mostly white residents of the northern Atlanta suburbs who have opposed efforts of MARTA expanding into their neighborhoods because they don’t want people of color to have way access to suburban communities. Also, the lack of public transit in these communities make it difficult for those who rely on transit to access job opportunities located in those suburbs

This article sums up the perfect example of architectural exclusion of malls, businesses, and residential areas using the highways, roads, and bridges as a way to exclude some city residents from those areas.