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Crenarchaeota has the distinction of including microbial species with the highest known growth temperatures of any organisms. Although they are microscopic, single-celled organisms, they flourish under conditions which would quickly kill most "higher (More)
Korarchaeota is a phylum of hyperthermophilic Archaea that branches closest to the archaeal root. The Korarchaeota were originally discovered by microbial community analysis of ribosomal RNA genes from environmental samples of a hot spring in Yellows (More)
Euryarchaeota is one of the four phyla of the domain Archaea. Euryarchaeota comprises a physiologically diverse group of Archaea: all known methanogens, extreme halophilic Archaea, hyperthermephile​s such as Thermococcus and Pyrococcus, most acidophi (More)
Horizontal Gene Transfer
Horizontal gene transfer is any process in which an organism transfers genetic material to another cell that is not its offspring. Vertical transfer occurs when an organism receives genetic material from its ancestor such as from its parent or a spec (More)
DNA replication uses proteins and enzymes, each of which plays a important role during the process. One of the key players is the enzyme DNA polymerase, which adds nucleotides one by one to the growing DNA chain that are complementary to the template (More)
Food/Product Safety
The FDA is in charge of food safety. Food safety is the process of preparing and handling food. It is done to prevent illnesses. There are certain certifications that must be passed. The 5 rules according to WHO are: Prevent contaminating food w (More)
Bioterrorism is the intentional release of of biological agents. It can be used in warfare. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention bioterrorism is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, toxins or other harmful agents t (More)
Translation is decoding mRNA to build a polypeptide (chain of amino acids). In an mRNA, the instructions for building a polypeptide come in groups of three nucleotides called codons. These relationships between mRNA codons and amino acids are known a (More)
Transcription is the first step in gene expression. Information from a gene is used to construct a functional product. This could be something like a protein. The goal of transcription is to make a RNA copy of a gene's DNA sequence. For a protein-cod (More)
Eukaryotic Diversity
Eukaryotic Diversity Diplomonads Unicellular, flagellated protists Lack mitochondria and chloroplasts Live in anoxic habitats Animal intestines Conserve energy from fermentation Can cause diseases in: Fish Domestic (More)
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